Borgarfjörður is a fjord in the west of Iceland near the town of Borgarnes. Although the waters of Borgarfjörður appear calm, the fjord has significant undercurrents and shallows. The many flat islands lying in the fjord are for the most part uninhabited. Near Borgarnes, the hring road / main road passes over Borgarfjardarbridge, a bridge of 0.5 km in length at the inland portion of the fjord. The land around the fjord has been inhabited since the time of Icelandic settlement. Events in the Icelandic sagas, such as that of Egill Skallagrímsson are situated here. The name of the fjord seems to have come from the farm Borg, which according to the sagas was founded by Egill’s father Skallagrímur, who took the land around the fjord and accordingly gave the fjord the name of Borgarfjörður. While serving as a synonym for the various townships, farms, natural attractions and areas in the region, the various parts of Borgarfjörður are now generally referred to as Borgarbyggd, a name that in Icelandic, denotes residential areas populated places, such as Borgarnes, tourist resorts and attractions, and less populated farm and more remote natural areas. The name Borgafjorður refers to the actual fjord and surrounding beaches as a natural habitat.
The Glanni Waterfall on the Norðurá River is said to be the dwelling place of elves and trolls.
The old bridge crossing river Hvítá in Borgarfjordur used to be part of the main road for many years, graceful and beautiful bridge and great for foreground for Aurora pictures.
The Grábrók and Raudbrók crater were formed in a fissure eruption less than 3000 years ago. It is 173m a.s.l. Grábrók is the largest of the craters on a 600m long fissure. The Grábrók fissure is the easten most postglacial eruption site in the Ljósufjöll volcanic system.
Langárfoss is a small roadside waterfall found just downstream of where Route 54 crosses the Langá just outside the town of Borgarnes. The falls drop about 3 meters where the river makes a sharp Z-shaped bend around and through a protrusion of volcanic rock, splitting into several channels as it does so. On the far side of the falls a fish ladder has been blasted into the bedrock to accommodate fish passage, resulting in a portion of the river always being diverted away from the natural part of the falls.
Paradísarlaut or Paradise Hollow is a beautiful and peaceful oasis sheltered in the middle of a mossy lava field, close by Glanni waterfall. The small pond in the middle, the water trickling from under the lava and the rustling of wind in the bushes all around makes it the perfect picnic stop. Even though the dark blue water in the pond is generally quite cold, it can be refreshing to dip your toes into it on a warm summer day.
Hraunfossar – Lava Falls – are beautiful and unusual natural phenomena. Clear, cold springs of subterranean water seep through the lava and run as tiny waterfalls and rapids into the Hvita River. Hraunfossar was an intriguing series of springs coming out of the Hallmundarhraun lava flow appearing like a long 900m strand of cascades laced within the rough grooves of the lava. The waterfalls have been protected since 1987.